How X-ray Machines Function
Although x-rays are safe, shooting radiation sound scare but if you want to be at peace, you can x-ray and lead an x-ray fear free life. This article seeks to discuss x-rays and how their machines works. Xrays were discovered in 1895 when a physicist was trying out electron beams in a gas release tube. The fluorescent in the lab glowed when the light in the beam was lit. If electromagnetic radiation comes close to fluorescents they glow. The discovery of x-ray happened when the cardboard surrounding the tube did not prevent the radiation.
He went on to place many objects in front of the fluorescent screen and the tube to see what would block the radiation. The bones of his hand were projected when he put his hand before the fluorescent and the tube. Xray was discovered at this point, and he also discovered that it has benefits to the medical front so we can comfortably define x-ray as electronic radiation. Even though the wavelength is short x-ray can compare to visible light only that the human eye cannot see it. The short wavelengths confirm that x-ray has high energy.
Meaning they can pass through several objects and human tissue. This is why through an x-ray we see bones through a human body. If you place a detector on the other side, the x-rays that go through the body they appear black, however, anything that is absorbed by the x-rays appears white such as bones.
At the center of an x-ray machine is a pair of an electrode in the vacuum glass tube. If there is negative charging of a cathode there is a heated filament that is through the x-ray machines current. The filament’s electrons come off to the surface.
On the other hand, the tungsten anode that is positively charged pull the electrons across the tube. In this process ample energy is formed to create x-rays in form of form of high energy photon. Even if there is thick lead photon still escape through a small window and a narrow beam to the patient. This pattern of x-ray is captured by the camera and films are developed. But this time instead of a visible light there is a chemical reaction.
You get to see the soft tissues through the x-ray. The body is served with some contrast media. Contract media is a liquid that better absorb x-rays than plain soft tissue. The body becomes visible after media is injected so that x-rays can absorb it after barium is swallowed. Lung cancer is easily diagnosed through this process as well as other cancer types.